Construction projects are challenging because each one presents a unique set of problems to solve. It often takes the combined expertise of engineers, laborers, architects, contractors, project managers, and more to find satisfactory solutions to these problems.
Unfortunately, because construction projects have so many moving pieces, they are prone to failure. You can reduce the probability of failure only if you identify and understand the factors that can cause a construction project to crumble.
This is where workforce intelligence and the proper use of resources comes into play. Read here if you want to learn more about workforce intelligence and how it addresses the many challenges of construction projects.
Why Do Projects Fail?
Many factors cause project failure. Most times, It does not necessarily mean some projects are unrealistic, but because many intrinsic factors were not properly factorized. These are some of the reasons why projects fail.
The planning stage is probably the most complex of all the steps because it constitutes numerous elements, not just risk assessments but budgeting, logistics, scheduling, and procurement, to mention but a few. In addition, you have to consult architects, suppliers, contractors, and even the client.
In a sense, planning never ends. Project managers have to make continual adjustments until the project comes to a close. However, for a project to succeed, a plan requires a strong foundation, the kind that accounts for every eventuality.
Poor planning forces your workforce to proceed without a proper road map, which creates opportunities for substantial mistakes and errors. The only thing worse than poor planning is a project that doesn’t have a plan and this is a major factor why projects fail.
Poor leadership leads to poor planning. A leader provides direction. They create a vision that guides the project. Their absence debilitates efficiency, encouraging conflicts to manifest and allowing delays to inhibit productivity. Even if the construction project succeeds, it is unlikely to satisfy the needs of the client.
Poor communication is rooted in poor planning and leadership. Every project requires a clear hierarchy. Employees must understand their duties and responsibilities. More importantly, it would help to highlight the individuals to whom they are accountable and the tools that allow these parties to communicate.
When inaccurate reports are sent to the wrong departments, chaos ensues. Scheduling issues will arise when the right people cannot locate the proper invoices to submit or even suitable suppliers to engage.
Until you institute a clear line of communication that allows your employees to perform their tasks smoothly and efficiently, you can expect delays, accidents, and complaints. Don’t be too surprised if the entire project grinds to a halt.
4. Erroneous Estimations
People underestimate construction projects all the time. They wait too long to apply for the relevant permits, unaware of the weeks and months of legal maneuvering required to secure the necessary documentation.
They make budgetary miscalculations, introducing conflicts with irritated clients down the line. They downplay the size of the labor force they need, an oversight that attracts costly delays. You can trace these errors and more back to poor planning and incompetent leadership.
5. Scope Creep
Have you heard of scope creep? The term refers to a situation where a project expands beyond the initial scope. Contractors are not always at fault. On occasion, clients will adjust their expectations, forcing project managers to reconsider everything from the budget to the human resource.
Some clients are vague in their job specifications. They do not always define their expectations, especially where the scope is concerned. They may also submit incomplete designs. But the construction firms involved are not free of blame.
Competent leaders must enact protocols that outline the steps managers and contractors will take if the project’s original scope expands. These protocols should explore the project’s alterations in cost and timeline to satisfy the client’s new demands.
6. Legal Considerations
Some construction firms wait until the last minute to secure the relevant permits. Others will commence with construction before they acquire these permits. Contractors are discouraged from starting projects before they have received approval at every stage.
What if the local authorities reject your applications? What if they command your contractors to demolish your structure weeks or even months into construction? What if your opposition to these orders leads to a lawsuit?
Most regions have regulations that impose hefty fines on contractors that commence with construction before they secure the relevant permits. Weaknesses of this sort are rooted in poor leadership and communication.
The contractors on the ground must proceed with the information supervisors relay to them. You can’t hold them responsible for carrying out the wrong orders.
7. Poor Qualifications
Are the workers on your team qualified? It only takes one inexperienced accountant to destroy your budget. If a procurement officer buys the wrong cement, your bridge could collapse months into the project.
The construction industry welcomes unskilled and inexperienced laborers. But those laborers require competent supervisors.
Delays are another factor why projects fail. As much as delay occurs all the time, some of those delays have legitimate sources, including accidents on the job and labor shortages. Others are caused by incompetence.
A professional organization will account for potential delays in its construction plan. It will identify solutions that managers can use to counter the factors responsible for those delays. Project managers that fail to plan for delays are more likely to encounter disasters.
Red flags typically precede the factors highlighted above. Experienced companies will train personnel to respond to these warning signs, resolving them before they can snowball into severe crises.
They have departments dedicated to extinguishing team conflicts, patching gaps in the budget, locating additional labor to meet shortfalls, eliminating incompetent workers, and more.
Projects that cannot adjust to the numerous problems plaguing the construction industry are doomed to fail.
The construction arena is far from unique. Projects in textile, manufacturing, agriculture, and other industries fail all the time. However, construction attracts more attention because failure is so costly.
Burgeoning construction firms and first-time managers should prepare adequately beforehand. Identify suitable partners that can guide your project through every critical stage.
Invest in reliable project management tools. Institute effective protocols that can close the gaps in communication. Above all, install competent project leaders. It would help if you had level-headed experts that could make sound decisions during times of crisis.
The wrong leadership team will cause chaos and confusion as opposed to instilling stability and confidence.